This page will provide an overview of the new GOES16 (formerly GOES-R) satellite.
Details for RAL Scientists and Engineers
A Note to the Weather Community about Using GOES-16 Data
March 9, 2017
NOAA's National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service appreciates the enthusiasm in the weather community and support for our newest on-orbit satellite, GOES-16, which will enhance the weather forecasts that save lives and protect property nationwide.
At this time, data from GOES-16 are considered preliminary and are undergoing validation testing. NOAA is therefore requesting that any organizations that redistribute GOES-16 data -- before it is declared operational -- include the following disclaimer with the data:
"NOAA's GOES-16 satellite has not been declared operational and its data are preliminary and undergoing testing."
Users receiving these data through any dissemination means (including, but not limited to, PDA and GOES Rebroadcast) assume all risk related to their use of GOES-16 data and NOAA disclaims any and all warranties, whether express or implied, including (without limitation) any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose.
It is expected that GOES 16 data will be declared operational, approximately 6-12 months after launch, which occurred in November 2016.
GOES-16 has several improvements over the old GOES system. Its advanced instruments and data processing provides:
- Three times more spectral information
- Four times greater spatial resolution
- Five times faster coverage
- Real-time mapping of total lightning activity
- Increased thunderstorm and tornado warning lead time
- Improved hurricane track and intensity forecasts
- Improved monitoring of solar x-ray flux
- Improved monitoring of solar flares and coronal mass ejections
- Improved geomagnetic storm forecasting
The GOES-16 instrument suite includes three types of instruments: Earth sensing, solar imaging, and space environment measuring.
Two instruments point toward Earth:
Advanced Baseline Imager
The Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI), is the primary instrument on GOES-16 for imaging Earth’s weather, climate and environment. ABI will be able to view the Earth across 16 spectral bands, including two visible channels, four near-infrared channels and ten infrared channels.
Geostationary Lightning Mapper
The GOES-16 Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM) will take continuous day and night measurements of the frequent intra-cloud lightning that accompanies many severe storms, and will do so even when the high-level cirrus clouds atop mature thunderstorms may obscure the underlying convection from the imager.
The GLM consists of a telescopic CCD camera sensitive to 777.4 nm light. It has a spatial resolution of 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) (at nadir) to 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) (at edge of field of view) and captures 500 frames per second. The CCD's pixel pitch varies across its area.
Other Web Links
These are just for general information about GOES-R. There are weblinks that are more specific to Science or Engineering in the child pages linked at the top of this page.
- WMO Headers - https://vlab.ncep.noaa.gov/web/data-format-registry
- Technical Implementation Notice 15-24 - http://www.nws.noaa.gov/os/notification/tin15-24goes-r_imagery.htm
- User Guide for GOES-R Imagery on the NOAAPort SBN - http://www.nws.noaa.gov/noaaport/document/GOES-R_NOAAPort_SBN_040416.pdf
- GOES16 page at NESDIS - https://www.nesdis.noaa.gov/GOES-16
- Some nice video loops - https://www.reddit.com/r/SpaceBased/